Wind Energy


Mission: The Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative (BWEC) is an alliance of experts from government agencies, private industry, academic institutions, and non-governmental organizations that cooperate to develop and disseminate solutions to reduce to the greatest extent practicable or, where possible, prevent mortality of bats at wind energy facilities.

Wind energy research with USGS and BCI
Photo Courtesy of Michael Schirmacher


In 2003, Bat Conservation International became a founding member of the BWEC, along with the American Wind Energy Association, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Each of these organizations are represented on the BWEC Oversight Committee. Later, the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of Energy and the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies joined the BWEC Oversight Committee. Members of government agencies, private industry, academia and NGOs are represented on the Science Advisory and Technical Advisor Committees. Together these three committees establish research priorities and peer-review reports prior to dissemination.

The BWEC is organized and managed by a Project Coordinator (a full-time employee of Bat Conservation International) and 3 committees, each of which is comprised of leading experts in their field and held on a voluntary basis.

  • Oversight Committee – responsible for direction of the BWEC.

  • Science Advisory Committee – responsible for scientific guidance to the Program Coordinator and Oversight Committee.

  • Technical Advisory Committee – responsible for technical guidance and insight regarding the feasibility and implementation of BWEC objectives.

The BWEC is the foremost organization for research related to bats and wind energy development. The Cooperative spearheaded initial evaluation of operational minimization in the U.S. and has 10 years of experience studying use of ultrasonic acoustic deterrents to reduce bat fatalities at wind turbines.

In addition to being the leader in testing impact reduction strategies for bats, the BWEC is focused on several additional priorities, including:

  • Pre- & Post-construction Monitoring

  • Fatality Estimation & Modeling

  • Bat Behavior & Migration

  • Population Estimation & Modeling

  • International & Emerging Issues


Information Exchange

  • 9 peer-reviewed journal articles

  • 4 book chapters

  • 17 peer-reviewed reports

  • >100 Presentations at professional meetings

  • 5 Technical Workshops

  • 4 BWEC Science Meeting Proceedings (2004, 2008, 2012, 2015)

  • Bi-annual Newsletters)

  • BWEC Website (


Oversight Committee

  • Davia Palmeri (AFWA)

  • TBD (AWEA)

  • Mylea Bayless (BCI)

  • Jocelyn Brown-Saracino (USDOE)

  • Robert Thresher & Karin Sinclair (NREL)

  • Rachel London (USFWS)

  • Mona Khalil (USGS)


Science Advisory Committee

  • Taber Allison (AWWI)

  • Ed Arnett (TRCP)

  • Paul Cryan (USGS)

  • Manuela Huso (USGS)

  • Robert Barclay (University of Calgary)

  • Gareth Jones (University of Bristol)

  • Rodrigo Medellin (National Autonomous University of Mexico)


Technical Advisory Committee

  • Brian Novosak (BLM)

  • Sam Enfield (Map Royalty)

  • Jim Lindsay (NextEra)

  • Tim Sullivan (USFWS)

  • Dennis Krusic (USFS)

  • Scott Darling (Vermont FWD)

  • TBD

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